Landscape is the result of the interaction between antropic acitvities and natural environment, whose ancestral relation was characterized by a growing impact of socio-economic and technological progress on natural native landscape, as well as by an esponential grown of population in the last century.

Landscape concept is so introduced highlighting how the shape and the aspect of landscape can’t be separated by nature and man interaction.

Landscape can also be interpreted by an ecological perspective that has as key concepts ecosystem and ecosystem services, whose functonality is the base of sustainability.

In particular way the european ecosystem health state analysis provided by European Environment Agency permit us to identify the cause factors of environment and ladscape deterioration and to start up compensatory and regenerating actions towards an increasing ecosystem naturalness.